March 22, 2024

How to Get EU Citizenship in 2024? 4 Most Popular Ways


The European Union (EU), an ambitious and ever-evolving union of 27 member states, stands as a testament to the dream of a unified, peaceful Europe that emerged from the ashes of World War II. It represents not just a geographic and political entity, but also a symbol of cooperation and shared values. With its flag, central bank, common currency, parliament, and court, the EU is an organization that transcends traditional nation-state boundaries.

This article delves into the critical aspects of EU citizenship, offering clarity on what is an EU citizen and how to get  EU citizenship. Whether you're seeking the freedom to live, work, and travel within the EU, or looking to be part of a larger community that values human rights, democracy, and the rule of law, this guide provides the essential pathways and considerations for achieving EU citizenship.

Key Takeaways 

  • EU citizenship entails having a unique blend of national identity and broad European rights, providing equal access to various benefits and opportunities across the European Union.
  • You can obtain an EU passport through ancestry or descent, naturalization, marriage, special merits, and investment programs.
  • Citizenship by investment is a quick, efficient, and less bureaucratic way to get European citizenship with economic benefits.
  • Mirabello Consultancy is a skilled provider of services for obtaining European citizenship through investment, aligning clients' investment choices with their personal and professional goals.
  • Austria and Malta are prime countries for citizenship by investment.
  • An EU passport grants free movement as well as freedom of settlement across member states, the right to vote and participate in EU politics, and the benefit of EU diplomatic protection globally.

What does it mean to be a EU citizen?

EU citizenship signifies a unique dual identity, combining national pride with a broader European perspective. As an EU citizen, you maintain a strong connection to your home country while being part of a larger community that extends beyond national borders. This dual citizenship enriches, rather than replaces, your cultural heritage, offering a multi-layered identity that is both local and continental.

At the heart of EU citizenship is the principle of non-discrimination, ensuring that all individuals are treated equally regardless of nationality, race, ethnicity, religion, disability, age, sex, or sexual orientation. This principle extends across the 27 member states of the EU, offering a sense of belonging and protection under a wider, inclusive European identity.

EU citizenship confers essential rights that significantly enhance the lives of citizens, including the freedom to move and reside within the EU, participate in the democratic process, and receive diplomatic protection abroad. These rights, along with the ability to engage directly in EU governance and policy-making, underscore the inclusive and democratic nature of the European Union.

Overall, being an EU citizen means enjoying a range of rights and privileges that uphold the values of equality, democracy, and unity across Europe. These rights not only define what it means to be an EU citizen but also reflect the EU's commitment to fostering a cohesive, inclusive, and participatory community. We will discuss the benefits of EU citizenship further in our article.

4 ways to get EU passport

Let’s explore the different methods through which you can obtain an EU passport, each offering its route to the privileges and rights inherent in EU citizenship.


One of the most straightforward paths to an EU passport is through lineage. Typically, it involves having parents who have European citizenship. However, the extent of this eligibility can vary across member states. Countries like Greece, Italy, Ireland, and Luxembourg offer a more inclusive approach, granting citizenship by descent even to those of the third generation – meaning individuals whose great-grandparents were citizens. In contrast, nations such as France, Germany, and Belgium usually limit this provision to first-generation descendants, focusing on a direct parental link.


Residing in an EU country for a certain period can lead to citizenship through naturalization. This process typically involves establishing residency, and demonstrating integration into the society, and often requires passing language and civic knowledge tests. The duration of residency required for naturalization varies across the EU. Poland stands out in Europe for having one of the shortest residency requirements: a minimum of just 3 years of continuous residence.


Marrying an EU citizen can also be a viable path to obtaining a passport. Nevertheless, it generally includes a residency period after marriage to establish the genuineness and stability of the union. Spain may be considered as the easiest EU country to get citizenship in this regard. A mere one-year residency with a Spanish national, under the bond of legal marriage, is enough for citizenship eligibility.

Investment Programs

European citizenship by investment is an option offered by some countries in Europe, where individuals can buy EU citizenship by making a substantial financial investment in the country’s economy. This pathway not only contributes to the economic development of the host country but also opens up a unique opportunity for investors. Let’s discuss the advantages of this approach and why it might be a favorable option for those seeking EU citizenship.

Why should you consider citizenship by investment for getting an EU passport?

To start with, EU Citizenship by Investment programs typically offer a faster, more direct, and less bureaucratic path to obtaining EU citizenship compared to traditional immigration processes. 

From a business perspective, the investment required to be granted citizenship is not just a fee. It often involves substantial contributions to real estate or other economic ventures. These investments can yield significant financial returns, making them financially sound decisions beyond the scope of immigration strategy. 

The stable economic and political environment of the EU, coupled with its strong legal framework, makes it an attractive and secure destination for investment. Additionally, an EU passport provides access to a wide network of business opportunities, partnerships, and the freedom to live, work, and conduct business across all EU member states.

European citizenship by investment packs all the EU passport benefits, including global mobility and enhanced quality of life. This includes visa-free travel to numerous countries, as well as access to high-quality healthcare, education, and a secure living environment.

It’s important to highlight the fact that citizenship by investment programs often allow the inclusion of family members, ensuring that the benefits of this strategic decision extend to the investor's spouse and children.

Mirabello Consultancy stands at the forefront of facilitating your journey to European citizenship through investment. Their expertise lies in offering investment programs that align with your aspirations for residency and citizenship in your chosen country. Whether it involves purchasing property, launching a new business, or investing in innovative projects, the dedicated team at Mirabello Consultancy is committed to aligning your investments with your long-term goals. If you’re ready to take the initial steps towards acquiring EU citizenship by investment, fill out the form and book your free consultation with the experts at Mirabello Consultancy.

2 countries to get citizenship in europe by investment


Citizenship receiving time: 24-36 months

Investment type: Significant contribution to the Economy

Investment amount: EUR €2M - EUR €10M

Requirements to receive citizenship:

  • Investment should promote employment opportunities in Austria.
  • A comprehensive CV detailing life history and academic achievements 
  • Proof of life events such as birth and marriage certificates.

With this program, you gain access to one of the safest countries globally, known for its low crime rates and stable political environment. It also presents significant tax advantages, including deductions for charitable contributions. The program extends beyond security and financial benefits, offering a high-quality life amidst Austria's stunning landscapes and rich cultural heritage. It also opens up visa-free travel to almost 190 countries, enhancing your global mobility. Additionally, as an Austrian citizen, you'll benefit from access to a strong healthcare system and the expansive economic market of the European Union. 


Citizenship receiving time: 12-36 months

Investment amount: EUR €600,000 - EUR €750,000

Investment type combination of all below: 

  • Direct investment of €600,000 or €750,000, depending on the residency option
  • Acquisition of a residential immovable property in Malta valued at no less than €700,000 Or Lease of a residential immovable property with a minimum annual rent of €16,000.
  • Charitable Donation towards a locally registered NGO of  €10,000.

Requirements to receive citizenship:

  • Main Applicant must be over 18 years of age.
  • Adult children can be included up to the age of 29.
  • Parents over the age of 55 can be included in the application.
  • A minimum period of residency in Malta for 36 months is required, which can be reduced to 12 months with a higher investment.
  • A donation of at least €10,000 to a registered non-governmental organization or society engaged in philanthropy, culture, sports, science, animal welfare, art, or any other entity endorsed by the Agency, is required before the issuance of the naturalization certificate.

As a Maltese citizen, your global mobility scales up tremendously, with visa-free access to practically the entire world, 190 countries, including the USA, the UK, and the entire Schengen zone. Imagine the freedom to live, work, or study in any EU and EEA member state. This translates to unparalleled access to thriving markets, top-tier educational institutions, and a diverse cultural landscape. Moreover, You are guaranteed access to high-quality healthcare services, backed by comprehensive medical insurance packages. This ensures that you as well as your family are always in good hands.

5 benefits of having EU passport

In a world increasingly shaped by globalization, the European Union stands out as a powerful example of international cooperation. The EU, transcending national boundaries, offers unique advantages to its citizens in this era of interconnectedness.

First off, EU citizenship grants the freedom of movement, allowing citizens to live, work, study, and retire anywhere within the EU.

In addition, as an EU citizen, you have the right to participate directly in the democratic process. Through the European Citizens Initiative, EU citizens can propose new legislation to the European Commission. Once an initiative garners a million signatures from at least seven different EU countries, the Commission is obliged to consider the proposal. This empowers citizens to shape EU policies and laws directly.

EU citizens are also entitled to diplomatic protection and assistance in countries outside the EU where their home country does not have an embassy or consulate. In such cases, citizens can seek help from the embassy or consulate of any other EU member country.

The right to petition the European Parliament and lodge complaints with the European Ombudsman further enhances the democratic engagement of EU citizens. These rights allow individuals to address personal needs, raise public interest issues, and challenge misconduct by EU institutions. 

Lastly, EU citizenship confers political rights, including the right to vote and stand as a candidate in municipal elections in the EU country of residence, as well as in European Parliament elections. This political participation is a cornerstone of democracy, allowing EU citizens to have a say in how their local and European communities are governed.


How long does it take to get an eu passport?

Obtaining an EU passport can vary significantly in duration, typically ranging from as little as 12 months to typically more than 5 years, depending on the method chosen to acquire citizenship, the specific program, and the country in question.

How to get an EU passport as an american?

As an American, to get an EU passport, you must either obtain citizenship through ancestry, marriage to an EU citizen, long-term residency leading to naturalization or invest in a country offering citizenship-by-investment programs. The exact requirements and timelines vary significantly by country.

How can a UK citizen get an EU passport?

A UK citizen can obtain an EU passport by claiming citizenship by descent if they have EU ancestry, residency leading to naturalization in an EU country, marriage to an EU citizen, or participating in citizenship-by-investment programs offered by some EU countries.


Being an EU citizen is about embracing a shared European identity while cherishing your national heritage. It offers a wealth of opportunities for personal development, political engagement, and global mobility, all underpinned by a commitment to equality, democracy, and mutual support among member states. We hope our article has helped you understand how to get EU citizenship and the benefits it entails.


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